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Buttons S-U

To try and aid identification we have listed the buttons alphabetically, so if you have a monogram style button or place name then start by looking at the first letter on it. There are from these early days though of limited regulation many oddities, so some units that call themselves for example 'Royal' may not have actually been granted that title so therefore do check second letters if it does not appear under the first.
We have used the format as per the Army lists. e.g, Argyllshire (Eastern) Battalion, comes under 'A', but East Retford for example would be under 'E'.
'Loyal' and 'Royal' in the case of Volunteers come under the town/city/area initial. Also many county Militias unofficially used the 'Royal' title but we have stuck to the county initial, so a monogrammed button with the letters RLRV would be under L for Liverpool, so in these cases do check both the first letters.

Description: SVI surmounted by crown

Category: English Volunteer Infantry​​; ​

Type of button: Flat 12mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy .; Backmark: Firmin Strand ;

​Date: 1831-1838

Salisbury Volunteer Infantry

Salisbury Volunteer Infantry Salisbury Volunteer Infantry
Salisbury Volunteer Infantry
Ref No: 045-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: Salisbury Volunteer Infantry BUT NOT of the early period; it pertains to the 1831-38 raising, one of the few infantry units raised to combat the Swing Riots

Salm-Kyrburg LI.jpg

SALM-KRYBURG LI SALM-KRYBURG LI
Salm Kryburg LI
Ref No: 366-

Image Source: Will Helms

Description: Lion on crown with SALM-KRYBURG around edge.

Category: British Emigre Regt; ​

Type of button: Flat 15mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1794-c1800

Notes: A German find to a unit who when disbanded most men went to the Royal Emigrant Regt, however the finding of a number of the units buttons in Grenada probably means some of the men joined the Royal Etranger Regt who served there.

seaford vol artillery.jpeg

Seaford Volunteer Artillery Seaford Volunteer Artillery
Seaford Volunteer Artillery
Ref No: 320-

Image Source: DP

Description: Ordnance shield with two cannons and letters SVA below.

Category: Volunteer Artillery; ​

Type of button: Convex 20mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded .; Backmark: None;

​Date: c1803-1814

Notes: The unit was founded in 1798 and was originally a strong detachment of the Cinq Ports unit.

Shaftesbury Rifle Volunteers

Shaftesbury Rifle Volunteers Shaftesbury Rifle Volunteers
Shaftesbury Rifle Volunteers
Ref No: 161-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Description: SHAFTESBURY RIFLE VOLUNTEERS around shield surrounded by wreath, under crown. Category: Rifle Volunteers; ​

Type of button: Convex front, flat back 23mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy .; Backmark: EXTRA SUPERIOR QUALITY;

​Date: 1860

Notes: A scarce find to the 9th Company of Dorsetshire Rifle Volunteers, which was the Shaftesbury unit under the command of .

Thomas Bowyer Bower, Esq., late Captain 73rd Regiment.

Sheerness and Chatham Volunteers

Sheerness and Chatham Volunteers Sheerness and Chatham Volunteers
Sheerness & Chatham Volunteers
Ref No: 114-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Description: SC separated by crown, in shield over globe

Category: English Volunteer Infantry​​; ​

Type of button: Flat ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated .; Backmark: ;

​Date: 1803-1808

Notes: The Sheerness and Chatham Volunteer Infantry were formed in 1803 and disbanded in 1808. The globe shown in the design is the family crest of the Hope family who supplied the Commanding Officer for this unit before they were separated into separate Chatham and Sheerness units.

Description: Irish Harp Crowned with words 'Shelelagh Infantry' around Category:​Irish Infantry Volunteers;

Type of button: ​Flat ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark:LLOYD & RIDLEY c1794-1804 ;

​Date: ​c1796-1825

Shelalgh Infantry

Shelalgh Infantry Shelalgh Infantry
Shelelagh Infantry
Ref No: 017-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Notes: The Shelelagh Infantry. of Co. Wicklow are not listed in the National Army of 1772-1792. The first mention is in 1804 (but they may well have been raised in 1796). In 1804, they are listed as 'Shelelagh Infantry' but are subsequently broken down into Companies as follows, Carnew, Coolattin, Coolkenno, Tinahely.

Somerset Militia

Somerset Militia Somerset Militia
Somerset Militia
Ref No: 187-

Image Source: Derek O.

Description: SOMERSET around crown on thistle star ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Convex 17mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1798-1810​

Notes: This style of button is believed to be the second of five patterns known to the unit. The thistle star is believed to be used as the the Colonel was a Knight of the Thistle.

2nd Somerset Militia

2nd Somerset Militia 2nd Somerset Militia
(2nd) Somerset Militia
Ref No: 189-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: SOMERSET REGT under 2, surmounted by crown. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Convex 17mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1800​

Notes: Originally formed in 1797 as the West Somerset Supplementary Militia, the unit had become the 2nd Somerset Militia by 1800, a title the unit kept until becoming Light Infantry in 1876.

SOUTH DEVON MILITIA.jpg

South Devon Militia South Devon Militia
South Devon Militia
Ref No: 315-

Image Source: Roger Backway

Description: DEVON over So REGt. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Slightly Convex 23mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1790-c1800​

Notes: The South Devon Militia were formed in 1763. This is a version of their second pattern. The unit would in 1881 form the 3rd Battalion of the Devonshire Regt.

South Essex Militia

South Essex Militia South Essex Militia
South Essex Militia
Ref No: 196-
Image Source: Private

Description: ESSEX surmounted by crown with S B either side. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-1805​

Notes: The South Essex Militia were formed in 1803 and disembodied in 1805.

South Hams YC.jpg

South Hams Yeomanry South Hams Yeomanry
South Hams Yeomanry Cavalry
Ref No: 367-

Image Source: Brian McD

Description: SH over YC. ​

Category: Yeomanry Cavalry​​;

Type of button: Slightly convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1819-1828

Notes: A local find in Devon to the small unit of South Hams Yeomanry.

South Worcester Volunteers

South Worcester Volunteers South Worcester Volunteers
South Worcester Volunteer
Ref No: 044-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: SWV below crown ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Flat 15mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated .; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-1809​

Notes: The South Worcs Vols was another unit of battalion strength raised in 1803 Col. Thomas Bland Lieut-Col. W B Lygon (Madresfield) 800 effectives converted to Local Militia in 1809.

St Katherines Assoc.jpeg

St Katherines Assoc St Katherines Assoc
St. Katherines Association
Ref No: 321-

Image Source: Nick Davies

Description: SKA between crown, above and wheel, below ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Slightly Convex, 9mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded . Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801​

Notes: St Katherines Assoc served without pay and were recorded as 'successfully preserving the peace and tranquility of the area'. They are sometimes shown as Catherine (with a C)

St Margarets and St Johns Volunteers

St Margarets and St Johns Volunteers St Margarets and St Johns Volunteers
St. Margarets & St Johns Volunteers
Ref No: 135-
Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Description: ST MARGTS & JOHNS VOLS around portcullis and crests ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded . Backmark: ;

​Date: 1798-1801​

Notes: St Margaret & St John Volunteers, an Assocoiation 1798-1801, a 3 Company unit commanded by Robert, Viscount Belgrave. Re-raised in 1803 as a full battalion 800 strong and based in Westminster.

St Olaves Volunteers

St Olaves Volunteers St Olaves Volunteers
St. Olave's Volunteers
Ref No: 198-
Image Source: Private

Description: St OV in centre with PRO REGE & PATRIA on stap. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy. Backmark: ;

​Date: 1798-1801​

Notes: The St Olave's Vols (an Armed Association) of Southwark were in existence from May 1798-1801, under Major Commandant John Green.

St Saviours Southwark.jpg

St Saviours Southwar St Saviours Southwar
St. Saviours Southwarks
Ref No: 337-

Image Source: Tomasz D

Description: St S and S below, all under crown. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Slightly Convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy. Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1798-1801​

Notes: The unit was an Armed Assoc. formed in 1798 formed to serve within the borough under Major Robert Pott.

Stratford Volunteers.jpg

Stratford Volunteers Stratford Volunteers
Stratford Volunteers
Ref No: 368-

Image Source: Maximuswarks

Description: Lions mask with STRATFORD above and VOLUNTEERS below. ​

Category: English Volunteer infantry​​;

Type of button: Slightly Convex;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered. Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-1808​

Notes: An unusal Warwickshire find to the Stratford Volunteers who used the lions mask as seen on the arms of the town on their buttons.

St Margarets and St Johns Volunteers St Margarets and St Johns Volunteers
Strathspey Fencibles
Ref No: 185-

Image Source: Derek O.

Description: STRATHSPREY FENCIBLES around central crown ​

Category: Fencibles ​​;

Type of button: Flat;

Metal: Copper Alloy . Backmark: None;

​Date: c1801​

Notes: The Strathspey Fencibles were originally raised as the 1st Highland Fencible Regiment.

Strood, Friendsbury vol.JPG

Strood & Friendsbury Volunteers Strood & Friendsbury Volunteers
Strood & Friendsbury Vols
Ref No: 405-

Image Source: Stephen P.

Description: STROOD & FRIENDSBURY VOLS around crowned Kentish horse ​

Category: English Volunteer Infantry ​​;

Type of button: Convex 18mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy . Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1803

Notes: Formed in 1798 by 1803 they were shown as being part of the Aylesford Legion (North).

Sudbury Volunteers

Sudbury Volunteers Sudbury Volunteers
Sudbury Volunteers
Ref No: 006-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Description: Sudbury Volunteers around motif.

Category: Volunteer Infantry;

Type of button: Flat; Metal: Copper Alloy, guilded.;

Backmark: Unreadable;

​Date: 1798-1801

Notes: They were re-raised in, they formed part of the Baberg Hundred Vol. Infantry. The others were 'Baberg Hundred' and 'Bures'. The 1803 Parliamentary Return does not show them as individual units any longer.

Description: SLV monogram style under cannon 

Category:English Volunteer Artillery;

Type of button: Flat one piece 21mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy . Backmark: None ;

​Date: ​1803-08

Sunderland Loyal Volunteers

Sunderland Loyal Volunteers Sunderland Loyal Volunteers
Sunderland Loyal Volunteers (Artillery Section)
Ref No: 041-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: The Sunderland Loyal Volunteers, Artillery section and dates specifically 1803-08.

Surry Militia

Surrey Militia Surrey Militia
Surrey Militia (1st pattern)
Ref No: 068-
Image Source: DP

Description: 'SURRY' written across plain button ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Slightly Conex open back 23mm ;

Metal: Pewter.; Backmark None;

​Date: c1770-1780

Notes:  A recently discovered and newly recorded other ranks first pattern button to the Surrey Militia (also spelled Surry) who were reformed in 1763 before gaining the Royal Title in 1801.

Surrey Militia

Surrey Militia Surrey Militia
Surrey Militia (2nd pattern)
Ref No: 156-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: 'SM' with small capital 'Y' between surrounded by beaded outline. ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Flat 22.5mm ;

Metal: Pewter.; Backmark None;

​Date: c1780-1790

Notes:  A recently discovered and new 2nd pattern to the the Surrey Militia it must pre date 1801 when the unit gained the Royal Title. This expands the number known to this unit from four to five.

Surrey Militia

Surrey Militia Surrey Militia
Surrey Militia (3rd pattern)
Ref No: 133-
Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Description: 'SURRY' written around crown on buckled eight pointed star ​ Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Flat ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark ;

​Date: c1790-1801

Notes:  The Surrey Militia (also spelt Surry) were reformed in 1763 before gaining the Royal Title in 1801.

2nd Surrey Militia

2nd Surrey Militia 2nd Surrey Militia
(2nd) Surrey Militia
Ref No: 249-
Image Source: PAS Reference SUR-46BAF2

Description: 2 over SM within crowned eight pointed star ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Slightly convex 17mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded.; Backmark FIRMIN LONDON ;

​Date: 1798-C1803

Notes:  Found near Guildford the 2nd Surrey Militia became 'Royal' in 1803. This is believed to be the second of six patterns known to this unit, although it is possible the 'first pattern' does not relate to this unit.

2nd Surrey Militia 2nd Surrey Militia

Description: 11 within ROYAL SURREY belt on crowned eight pointed star  ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Flat 24mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered.; Backmark HAYWARD 50 LONG ACRE LONDON ;

​Date: c1833-c1870

(2nd) Surrey Militia
Ref No: 277-
Image Source: PAS Reference SUR-0004E7

Notes:  Found near Godalming a button to the 2nd Surrey Militia where the precedence number 11 was cleverly used to also look like II. It is possible that this design was a mess waiters button and is the fifth of six patterns known to this unit.

Sussex Artillery

Sussex Artillery Sussex Artillery
Sussex Artillery
Ref No: 251-
Image Source: Al Luckenbach

Description: Field cannon with word SUSSEX below ​

Category: Yeomanry (Artillery)​​;

Type of button: ​Flat 17mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark None ;

​Date: 1797-c1814

Notes:  Button to the Sussex Yeomanry' (Artillery button). The corps is listed as 'Sussex Artillery' was raised in 1797 with Charles, 4th Duke of Richmond as Commandant. First Commissions are dated 15 June.

Description: 'Sussex Local' written around cross on buckled eight pointed star ​ Category: Local Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Convex ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered.; Backmark: Charles Jennens ;

​Date: 1808-1816

Sussex Local Militia

Sussex Local Militia Sussex Local Militia
Sussex Local Militia
Ref No: 018-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Notes:  Detecting find to the Sussex Local Militia. The unit was established from 1808 and they were being disbanded along with other local militias from 1816 onwards by an Act of Parliament.

Sussex Militia

Sussex Militia Sussex Militia
Sussex Militia
Ref No: 089-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: 'SUSSEX' written around cross on eight pointed star ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Flat 23mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1798-1825

Notes:  The Sussex Militia were formed in two battalions in 1798-99 and became Light Infantry in 1825 and gained the 'Royal' title in 1830. This is the third of five known types of the unit that went on to make up the 3rd and 4th battalions of the Royal Sussex Regt in 1881.

Sussex Volunteers Sussex Volunteers
Sussex Volunteers
Ref No: 183-
Image Source: UK Detectornet

Description: 'SUSSEX VOLUNTEERS' written around crown. ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Flat ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1803-1808

Notes:  The Sussex Volunteers were based at Chichester.

Taunton Volunteers

Taunton Volunteers Taunton Volunteers
Taunton Volunteers
Ref No: 284-
Image Source: PAS Database Ref No SOM-827744

Description: Crown with DEFENDAMUS below and TAUNTON VOLUNTEERS around. ​

Category: English Volunteer Infantry;

Type of button: ​Flat 24mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1794-1802

Notes: Found in the area of Taunton Deane. The Defendamus legend was also used by the Somersetshire Militia and perhaps surprisingly, or due to problems within, the county town did not re-raise a unit post 1802.

Tendring Volunteer Cavalry

Tendring Volunteer Cavalry Tendring Volunteer Cavalry
Tendring Volunteer Cavalry
Ref No: 141-
Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Description: Letters TVC under crown. ​

Category: English Volunteer Cavalry​​;

Type of button: ​Flat ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded.; Backmark: ;

​Date: 1798-1801

Notes: Found in the area of Tendring this has been attributed to the Tendring Volunteer Cavalry 1798-1801 and not re-raised in 1803.

Tenbury Wells Volunteers Tenbury Wells Volunteers
Tenbury Wells Volunteers
Ref No: 146-
Image Source: Paul Dunmall

Description: Letters TWV under crown. ​

Category: English Volunteer Infantry;

Type of button: ​Convex 20mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered.; Backmark: FIRMIN & WESTALL STRAN (D missing) ;

​Date:  ​1803-1808

Notes: The Tenbury Wells volunteers were founded in 1803 and dispersed by 1808 originally listed as 'Tenbury' a 1 Company unit CO Capt Edward Wheeler and 100 strong.

Tetbury Loyal Volunteers

Tetbury Loyal Volunteers Tetbury Loyal Volunteers
Tetbury Loyal Volunteers
Ref No: 092-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: Letters TLV flanked by heraldic dolphins ​

Category: English Volunteer Infantry​​;

Type of button: ​Convex 10mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-1806

Notes: Button to the Tetbury Company of the Tetbury & Horseley Vols. The button of the Horseley Company omits the TLV  letters.

Tower Hamlets Militia Tower Hamlets Militia
(2nd) Tower Hamlets Militia
Ref No: 126-

Image Source: Malcolm Duff

Description: TH either side of Tower image with '2 Rl Rt M' below ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​;

Type of button: ​Convex ;

Metal: Pewter.; Backmark: FIRMIN & WESTALL ;

​Date: c1798-c1812

Notes: The 2nd Tower Hamlets Militia who were formed in 1797 and by 1832 had changed name. This is the third of six known types to the unit.

Tunstead and Happing Volunteer Cavalry

Tunstead and Happing Volunteer Cavalry Tunstead and Happing Volunteer Cavalry
Tunstead & Happing Yeomanry Cavalry
Ref No: 101-
Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Description: Crown with Y above C below and T and H either side ​

Category: Yeomanry Cavalry;

Type of button: ​Convex 17mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1795-c1807

Notes: The 'Tunstead & Happing Yeomanry Cavalry' (Norfolk). A 1 Troop unit raised in 1795 and served throughout the period, commanded by Capt. Charles Laton from 1795 until at least 1807.

Twickenham Vols.jpg

Twickenham Volunteers Twickenham Volunteers
Twickenham Volunteers
Ref No: 306-

Image Source: PAS Database Ref No. SUR-8CEEB0

Description: TWICKENHAM VOLS around central crown. ​

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: ​Flat 16mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: JOHN WILLIAMS ;

​Date: 1800-c1814

Notes:​  The unit was raised in September 1803 with a strength of 100 effectives. As the Local Militia Act was not applied to Middlesex as a county the unit may have served through until 1814 but was possibly disbanded earlier.

Ufford Loyal Volunteers

Ufford Loyal Volunteers Ufford Loyal Volunteers
Ufford Loyal Volunteers
Ref No: 163-
Image Source: DP

Description: Crown with UFFORD LOYAL VOLUNTEERS around. ​

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: ​Flat 20mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1798-1801

Notes: The Ufford Loyal Volunteers, Suffolk were raised in 1798 and disbanded in 1801. The officers listed are all local men being Capt the Rev. Jacob Chilton, Lieut. Daniel Manthorp and Ensign Henry Churchyard.

University of Cambridge Volunteers

University of Cambridge Volunteers University of Cambridge Volunteers
University Cambridge Volunteers
Ref No: 234-
Image Source: SN

Description: Monogram letters UCV under crown. ​

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: ​Flat 25mm ;

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: I NUTTING ;

​Date: c1800-1816

Notes: Whilst there is no doubt the University of Cambridge Volunteers unit existed they are not recorded as such in the parliamentary returns.

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